What is edge computing and how is it changing the way we use technology?


With the rise of the Internet of Things (IoT) and related technologies, edge computing has quickly emerged as a powerful way to connect and store data. In a nutshell, edge computing, also known as distributed computing, moves data processing away from centralized cloud systems and closer to where data is collected, allowing more efficient data analysis and delivery. In this article, we will explore edge computing, including what it is, the benefits it offers, its impact on the tech industry, the cloud versus edge computing debate and security considerations.

What is edge computing and how is it changing the way we use technology?
What is edge computing and how is it changing the way we use technology?

What is Edge Computing?

Edge computing is a distributed system architecture where data processing and analytics are offloaded to IoT devices – often referred to as “the edges” – in order to reduce latency and provide a more responsive user experience. In other words, the data is processed closer to where it is created and consumed, which reduces the need for alternative data storage and transfer methods such as the cloud. Edge computing can help manage everything from digital signs to factory robots and medical apparatus.

Decoding the Benefits of Edge Computing

The key benefit of edge computing is the reduction of latency due to the proximity of data processing to data collection. This ensures a much faster response time for millions of connected devices and the ability to process data faster and more effectively. Edge computing also helps to reduce network congestion and the cost associated with cloud storage and high-bandwidth internet connections since edge computing processes data without relying on the cloud. Other benefits include improved privacy and data security, easier scalability, and greater reliability.

Edge Computing and its Impact on the Tech Industry

Edge computing is revolutionizing the tech industry, as it has opened up new possibilities for data processing and analysis on remote devices. Its capacity to process large amounts of data quickly, calmly and securely makes it valuable for both large and small business, while the potential cost savings have resulted in the tech industry investing heavily in the development of edge computing technologies. With the proliferation of IoT devices, edge computing is also driving automation in many industries and is enabling greater opportunities for innovation.

Understanding the Cloud vs Edge Computing Debate

One of the main arguments for edge computing is the fact that it does not rely on centralized cloud-based systems for data storage and analytics. While the cloud has been the backbone for many advancements in data processing, edge computing is seen as a potentially better alternative for many devices, especially for lower-power IoT devices due to their limited resources. On the other hand, cloud computing is seen as a more reliable and cost-effective solution for large-scale data storage and analytics.

Moving to Edge Computing: the How & Why

Moving to edge computing is relatively simple, as it can be done on “the edges” – at the device level – via distributed applications. These applications are responsible for a range of tasks, such as data aggregation, device management, and analytics processing. For companies looking to move to edge computing, the key question is to identify which tasks can be managed more efficiently using an edge component, as well as what type of infrastructure is needed to support the necessary data processing and storage.

Security Implications of Edge Computing

The growth of edge computing has also raised critical security issues, as data is being stored and processed on millions of devices instead of being centralized in the cloud. As such, organizations must take into account the security challenges associated with edge computing, through the use of secure hardware, encryption, authentication, and access control techniques. Edge computing can also be integrated with cloud-based security systems, such as those from Microsoft Azure, to ensure that the data is safe and secure.

Looking to the Future of Edge Computing

Given its increasing popularity, edge computing is set to remain a major trend in the tech industry. The availability of more powerful IoT devices and increased usage of cloud/hybrid cloud systems is likely to drive the development of new edge computing technologies and tools. This means that companies need to look at the implications of edge computing, such as scalability and security, when moving to the technology.


Edge computing is revolutionizing the tech industry, providing faster and more efficient data processing closer “to the edges”. While this offers numerous benefits, it is important for businesses to consider the implications for scalability and security before making a move to the technology. Looking ahead, the future of edge computing looks bright, with more opportunities for innovation and the emergence of powerful tools and technologies.

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